Land Use in Utah falls under the jurisdiction of federal, state, tribal, and local government entities. Land use on federal lands (U.S. Forest Service [USFS], Bureau of Land Management [BLM], and National Park Service [NPS]) is guided by federal land management plans. Land use on state lands is determined by the managing state agency. Land use on tribal lands is determined by the tribal government or by the Bureau of Indian Affairs for trust lands. Land use on private lands is determined by the county, or in incorporated municipalities, it is determined by the municipality through land use and zoning ordinances.
“Land Use” is not a resource in the same sense as most other resources to be considered. Land use depends heavily on the preferences and policies of the managing entity. Consequently, due to the substantial amount of Utah’s lands that are federally owned, federal land management policies significantly impact Utah’s economic development. Rural counties throughout the state are reliant on federal land for resources that spur economic growth and stability including, but not limited to, minerals, recreation, oil and gas, timber, water, agriculture, fisheries, and wildlife.