Agriculture is the activity of converting natural resources into food and material goods in support of both regional and national economic production and is an activity fundamentally key to establishing food security.
Agriculture is of prime importance to the state of Utah and is managed by the Department of Agriculture and Food (UDAF). A variety of agricultural operations can be found in any county of the state. Native American groups started agriculture in Utah at least 1300 years ago, with focus on maize, squash, and beans. These groups, known as the Ancestral Puebloan and Fremont peoples, created vibrant and diverse cultures that spread across the entire state. A second wave of agriculturalists arrived with members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1847. Within two decades, dozens of agrarian communities formed along the Wasatch Front and expanded to fill the entire state. Canals and ditches helped communities expand into ever-increasing areas and support major population increases. With growing urbanization along the Wasatch Front, some agricultural lands are being replaced with housing and other developments.
UDAF releases an annual report each year that provides useful information for agriculture around the state.